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r image

rag left:
Type that is justified (aligned) on the right margin and appears ragged on the left.

rag paper:
Premium paper that contains actual cotton fibers.

rag right:
Type that is justified (aligned) on the left margin and appears ragged on the right.

ragged left:
Type that is justified (aligned) on the right margin and appears ragged on the left.

ragged right:
Type that is justified (aligned) on the left margin and appears ragged on the right.

raster graphic:
See bitmapped graphic.

The process of converting mathematical and digital information into a series of dots using an imagesetter for the purpose of producing film negatives or positives.

RC paper:
Resin Coated paper used in imagesetters and other high-resolution typesetting equipment for reproducing text and images.

reader's spread:
How the pages will appear in the final, bound publication, as opposed to a printer's spread, which is how the pages are arranged to be printed on press.

Five hundred sheets of paper, a standard measurement.

The right-hand page of a publication.

recto verso:
Two-sided printing.

Compounds such as varnishes and solvents used to reduce the consistency of printing inks.

A photographic or digital process in which an image is made proportionally smaller.

reflection copy:
Illustrative copy that must be photographed by light reflected from its surface for reproduction.

reflective art:
Illustrations that must be photographed by light reflected from its surface for reproduction, such as photographs and drawings.

An undesirable occurrence in which the line breaks in digitally typeset copy change due to alterations in the layout.

The fitting of two or more printing images on the same paper in exact alignment with each other.

registration mark:
Crosshairs or other graphic devices applied to originals prior to reproduction for positioning films in proper register (alignment).

The selling off of the remaining stock of a book, usually at a huge discount, after sales decrease or cease.

remnant space:
Advertising space in a magazine or newspaper that has not been sold at the regular rate and is available at a discount.

To print a book again using the original materials, or to print a book in another version, such as the paperback version of a previously published hardcover book.

Short for reproduction proof.

reproduction proof:
Camera-ready pages ready for platemaking.

The process of copying and duplicating.

A light-hardened stencil used in photomechanics to prevent etching of non-printing areas on a printing plate.

The degree of precision in position and detail that can be obtained by an output device such as an imagesetter, or the sampling ability of an input device such as a scanner. Often measured in dots per inch.

respi screen:
A contact screen with a 110-line screen ruling in the highlights and a 220-line screen in the midtones and shadows to produce smoother gradations.

To alter a photograph or illustration, either manually or digitally.

Unsold books that are returned from the bookseller to the publisher for credit.

To print an image or text in the opposite of the background color, such as white type on a black background.

A critical evaluation of a book.

review copy:
A complimentary copy of a book sent to reviewers, potential customers, and any other person who could conceivably help promote the book.

To change the original materials as previously printed.

revised edition:
A new printing of the book in which changes to the original materials have been made. Requires a new ISBN.

Red, Green, Blue. The hues of the additive color system.

right-angle fold:
Two or more folds that are at right angles to each other.

The permissions granted by a copyright owner that allow someone else to sell the copyrighted work, such as the rights to print, publish, and sell the hardcover version of a book, or the translation rights, the film and television rights, or the electronic rights.

Raster Image Processor. A device that converts the description of a page from high-level PDL coding to low-level scanning instructions for an imagesetter.

roll-fed press:
A web-fed press, that uses rolls of paper, as opposed to a sheet-fed press, which prints from individual sheets of paper.

roller stripping:
When the ink does not adhere to the metal ink rollers on an offset press.

Rolodex card:
Address, phone, and other contact information printed on a small card stock die cut to fit into a specially constructed holder.

The unmodified version of a typeface, with no bold or italics applied.

The flower-like pattern created when the four CMYK color halftone screens are printed at the traditional angles.

rough layout:
A preliminary arrangement of graphics and dummy text on a page to determine length.

The process of cutting away the non-printing areas of a plate in letterpress printing.

A percentage of a book's gross or net sales paid to the author as specified in the author/publisher agreement.

The condition in which an ink has reached maximum dryness and will not scratch from normal abrasion.

A line of varying thickness used for graphic effect in a page layout.

A proofreader's notation to indicate that the text should not be broken, as with a new paragraph.

Text that is set to fit around the edges of a picture or other graphic.

The properties of paper that affect its ability to run on press.

running copy:
The body text of an article or story.

running foot:
A headline or title that is repeated at the bottom of each page.

running head:
A headline or title that is repeated at the top of each page.

running text:
A phrase, chapter title, or other text that is repeated at the top or bottom of a page.

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